Types of Containers
Container is a standardized module for transportation of various cargos. Container dimensions and design features depend on cargo to be transported.
20 and 40 feet containers are commonly used for cargo transported by sea. The length of these containers is 6 and 12 meters respectively. Containers can also be classified by height. There are standard containers and containers of increased height, so-called “High Cube”. Currently, there is a tendency to increase the capacity of containers. Thus, some containers are increased in length (45 ft) or width (Pallet Wide), or increased both in width and length (45HCPW).
Such variety of container types provides ample opportunities for carriage. Container is indispensable for multimodal transport. Nowadays, cargo is transported mostly in containers.
Depending on cargo several types of containers may be used:
General Purpose Dry Cargo Container (Dry Container) is used to transport unitized and bulk cargoes. Structurally, the container is a metal box with wide doors. The corners of the container perimeter are fitted with special holes for overload (upper and lower fittings).
Reefer Container (Reefer Container) is intended for the carriage of temperature sensitive cargoes requiring maintaining specific temperature range when transported. These special containers have high degree of thermal insulation and their own refrigeration unit allowing to completely maintain the required temperature inside the container when used.
Open Top container (Open Top) is a standard dry cargo container used to transport cargoes that are oversized in height. Fitted with soft removable cover for loading the cargo over the top.
Tank Container (Tank Container) is used for transportation of liquid and gaseous cargoes. Structurally, this is a tank encased in a rigid metal frame, also equipped with corner fittings at the top and bottom, which allows using standard container equipment for handling of tank containers.